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The Carronades

These were invented in 1779 and have taken their name from Carron in Stirlingshire, where they were originally made. A short, light (1 tons) gun, firing very heavy 68-pound shot at close range, they were known as "Smashers" because of their awesome firepower. On breaking the line at Trafalgar, H.M.S. Victory fired her port carronade through the stern windows of the French flagship, the Bucentaure, and wrought great havoc, the shot travelling the through entire length of the ship. Unlike the rest of the armament, the carronades could be trained on a much wider arc. 

HMS Victory : Loss of the 4th Victory : Profile of H.M.S. Victory :








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